This website is devoted to promoting a better understanding of the Shroud of Turin through research, conferences, presentations, and archival of valuable manuscripts and data related to the Shroud of Turin. The International Conference on the Shroud of Turin (ICST-2017) was recently held (July 19 to 22, 2017) at the large TRAC center in Pasco in Washington state. The conference schedule, abstracts for the presentations, and biographies for the presenters are given on the Conferences page. The conference videos, PowerPoint presentations, and narration to the presentations will be added as they become available. Videos of the presentations are now available on youtube.com .
Robert A. Rucker (Bob) is responsible for the content of this website. A short biography for him follows. Bob Rucker earned BS and MS degrees in Nuclear Engineering from the University of Michigan, and attended one year at the Moody Bible Institute in Chicago. He worked in the nuclear industry for about 37 years. This included nuclear analysis calculations for nuclear reactor design at General Atomics in San Diego for about 24 years, and nuclear criticality safety calculations and documentation for various nuclear fuel production and storage facilities across the country for about 13 years. This last work involved using the MCNP nuclear analysis computer software, which he is now using to model a body wrapped in a linen shroud in a limestone tomb as it would have been designed in first century Jerusalem. These calculations were done to solve the C14 dating problem for the Shroud of Turin. His research papers on the Shroud of Turin are available on the RESEARCH page. He has been working on the Shroud of Turin full time for about four years, and organized the International Conference on the Shroud of Turin (ICST-2017) held July 19 to 22, 2017, in Pasco, Washington.
The Shroud of Turin, also called the Turin Shroud, is a burial cloth that has been in Turin, Italy, since 1578. It has a well-documented history back to about 1355 or 1356 when it went on display in Lirey, France, as the burial cloth of Jesus. There is good evidence that it was in Constantinople until 1204, and in Edessa, Turkey, prior to that. Multiple traditions say that it was brought to Edessa from Jerusalem by a man named Thaddeus, who was a disciple of Jesus. The amazing thing about this burial cloth is that it contains full size good resolution images of the front and back of a naked man that was crucified exactly as the New Testament says that Jesus of Nazareth was crucified, yet the images do not contain pigment, and are not the result of a scorch or a photographic process. When put on display in Turin, Italy, which usually occurs only a few times each century, millions of people file past the Shroud and see the images of the crucified man. Long standing tradition claims that the Shroud of Turin is the authentic burial cloth of Jesus. Ancient documentation and a variety of ancient coins and artistic works are consistent with this view. The scientific investigation of the Shroud began in 1898 when Secondo Pia took the first photograph of the Shroud which revealed that the image was a good resolution negative image. The scientific study of the Shroud since then makes it the most studied ancient artifact in existence. This scientific research has shown that the characteristics of the image are so unique that it could not be the result of a human agent, either an artist or forger, because the technology to create this image did not exist in any previous era and still does not exist even today. Based on this scientific research, the general consensus of Shroud researchers is that the Shroud wrapped the dead body of a real human being that was crucified, and that in some way this body encoded front and back images of itself onto the inside of the Shroud.
After four years of research on the Shroud, I believe that the most reasonable conclusion is that the Shroud of Turin is the authentic burial cloth of Jesus, that the images on the Shroud are radiation burns caused by a burst of radiation emitted from within the body, and that the C14 date (1260 to 1390 AD) is flawed because neutrons were evidently also included in the burst of radiation that caused the image. A small fraction of these neutrons would have been absorbed in the trace amount of N14 in the cloth to form new C14 atoms by the (N14 + neutron --> C14 + proton) reaction. This must have increased the C14 concentration at the sample location by about 16%, which would have shifted the C14 date at the sample location from the correct value (about 33 AD) to the apparent value (1260 to 1390 AD).
You are invited to learn more about the Shroud of Turin on the following pages, and to contact me with any questions or to schedule a presentation in your area.